Principles of Dimension in AutoCAD

By | August 29, 2016

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RULES for the use of the dimension form.

1. All dimension, extension, and leader lines should be thin, sharp, dark lines (.5mm/2H).

2. Extension lines indicate the points betweenwhich the dimension figures apply. They are drawn perpendicular to the dimension lines, start with a visible gap (~1/32″) between them and the object, and terminate 1/8″ (3.2 mm) beyond the last arrowhead.

3. Each dimension should be terminated by arrowheads touching the extension lines and pointing in opposite directions. Arrowheads are drawn freehand with .7mm/HB lead. The line should be broken only at the approximate center for the dimension figures.

4. Dimensions shown with dimension lines and arrowheads should be placed to be read from the bottom of the drawing (unidirectional system).

5. All dimensions should be given in decimal format. When dimensions are given in inches, leading zeros are omitted from dimension values less than 1.00.

6. When all dimensions on a drawing are given in inches, the inch marks (“) are omitted, the same applies to millimeters. If metric units are used, the word METRIC will appear boxed in a spot toward the lower portion of the drawing sheet.

7. A dimension line should never coincide withan object line or a center line, nor should it be an extension of these lines. Both, however, may be used as extension lines.

8. Crossing of extension lines or dimension lines should be avoided if possible. Where such crossings are unavoidable, there should be no break in either of the lines. However, if extension lines cross dimension lines through the arrowheads, the extension line may be broken.

9. Dimensions should be at least 3/8″ (10 mm) from the object outline, then equally spaced at least 1/4″ (6 mm) apart. A continuousseries of dimensions should be aligned rather than staggered. Standard practice is to place the shortest dimensions nearest to the object and space adjacent parallel dimension lines further away from the object in order of their length.

10. Dimensions are preferably placed outside the outlines of the views. (See rule #11).

11. When placement outside the views will result in (a) dimensions too far from the distance they indicate, (b) long and confusing extension lines or leader lines that cross other lines of the drawing, or (c) any confusion in understanding where the dimension applies, they may be placed inside the viewand close to the distance they indicate.

12. As the distance dimensioned becomes less than about 1/2″ (12.7 mm), the space between extension lines becomes too small for both arrowheads and figures. For these small dimensions the methods shown may be used. Each dimension should have two arrowheads associated with it, pointing in opposite directions. Dimensions can ‘share’ arrowheads. The following depicts appropriate forms for linear dimensions.

13. Where there are several parallel dimension lines in a group, the dimension figures should be staggered so that they willnot interfere with one another.

14. Lettering (notes) should always be placed horizontal on the page, to be read from the bottom of the drawing (.7mm HB).

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